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One Small Step For NASA, A Giant Leap For Womankind


By: Suzann Abraham


In April, NASA announced Blue Origin, Dynetics and SpaceX to develop the human

landers that promise to land astronauts on the moon in 2024. The Artemis program

aims to build a transportation chain for sustainable human exploration of the moon.


Artemis will land the first woman and the next man on the moon. Administrator of NASA,

Jim Bridenstine, said “In the 1960s, young ladies didn’t have the opportunity to see

themselves in that role. Today they do, and I think this is a very exciting opportunity.”

Women in space is not an unfamiliar event, however it is rare.


Even before space exploration programs began in 1957, women were key members

working behind the scenes, with no public recognition of their work or promotion to

higher positions. After the space program began, women served as human computers

to solve complex mathematical calculations. Notably in NASA, many African-American

women played a vital role in the foundations of any project. One may refer to the movie,

Hidden Figures, that portrayed the story of Katherine Johnson and her partners and

their role in putting the first man in orbit.


Again, in the 1960s, NASA was rigorously training 13 women for Project Mercury. But

Congress discontinued that saying that it was more appropriate to stick to a men’s-only

program since women were not officially part of NASA and would never be given the

opportunity to fly in space.


The first woman in space was Valentina Tereshkova representing the Soviet Union. In

1999, Eileen Collins became the first woman to command a space mission. After 1983,

nearly 50 women have flown on NASA space missions till 2018.


NASA has been scrutinized in the past for evident inequality and their inability to

eliminate glass ceilings for women, specifically. One incident was in 2019, when Anne

McClain and Christina Koch were to conduct an all-female spacewalk. But this was

cancelled as NASA swapped McClain’s spacesuit for a man. Women can work with

men’s spacesuit but only in smaller sizes. After multiple budget cuts, NASA left

spacesuit sizes to men’s medium and large. They do have a universal spacesuit but it is

only designed for men as only they were allowed to conduct space missions. This was

meant to be an answer to accusations reporting NASA’s gender inequality issues.

However, despite its failure, it is evidence of gradual change and the maturity of the

program with women in it.


Fast forward to December 2020, in light of COVID-19, racial discrimination and the poor

economic situation, Jeff Bezos and his Blue Origin makes promising news. Last friday,

he took to social media to give an update on the project and the BE-7 engine testing. He

said, “This is the engine that will take the first woman to the surface of the moon.” In

early 2024 the first woman will walk the moon, supported with advancements in

technology, a strong and capable team and the world. If all goes well, this will be a

strong point in the history of mankind and space exploration. Who said the sky’s the

limit?


Sources:

- https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/dec/05/jeff-bezos-blue-origin-first-

woman-moon-nasa-elon-musk-spacex-dynetics

- https://www.nasa.gov/feature/nasa-selects-blue-origin-dynetics-spacex-for-

artemis-human-landers

- https://www.nationalgeographic.org/article/women-nasa/

- https://www.marieclaire.com/career-advice/a30873190/women-and-space/

- https://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2020/0720/NASA-s-spacesuits-have-a-

gender-problem.-These-women-are-fixing-it


*All arguments made and viewpoints expressed within Youth In Politics and its nominal entities do not necessarily reflect the views of the writers or the organization as a whole.

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